This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1855 Excerpt: ...formation. Histoire dea Vgtaux Fossiles, p. 126. f Count Sternberg, Book IV. p. 16, 1826. I Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences, January, 1842. Trans. Association of Amer. Geologis...
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p. 308. Also the State Report for 1840, p. 36. We must not forget, however, in relation to priority of observation, that Mr. Nuttall had long ago, recognized among the fossil plants of the coal-shales here, the Zamia or Oycas, and the leaves of one of the Scitamineae, similar to those of ginger, and some enormous flaccidleaved gramineous plant; all of which are characteristic of the Oolite period, although not so applied, at the time, by that intelligent naturalist. We rejoice to perceive this triumphant application of the test of organic remains, in determining otherwise very doubtful points as to the age of rocks; a principle which, some years ago, we, with all the partialities of an original disciple of William Smith, almost feared, was not appreciated as it deserved. Whether the entire body of the coal itself be referable to this epoch is by no means settled. It has been suggested that the fossils abovementioned, and seen at some of the pits, represent "a distinct formation of coal from the main or true carboniferous formation, and many suppose it a deposit of after date."f On the 14th of April, 1847, a paper was read before the Geological Society of London, from C. Lyell, on the Richmond coal-field of Eastern Virginia. It is stated that the shells in these coal measures consist of countless individuals of a species of Posidonomya, much resembling the P. minuta of the English Trias. The fossil fish are homocercal, and differ from those previously found in the new red sandstone, Trias? of the United States. Two of them belong to a new genus, and...